In the possession of my grandfather, Michael Juel Schow, until his death, 6 May 1925, was a small day journal, written with old fashioned brown ink, in the Danish language by Grandfather's father, Niels Christian Schow. The cover inscribed in Danish: "Daglag per Niels Chr. Schow - 1853."
Niels Christian Schow, our ancestor and the founder of our family in America was born 9 February 1816 in Randers, Denmark, the second child of Anders Jensen Schow and Anne Christensen (Eriksen). His wives were: 1, Marie Pedersen, 2, Anne Andersen (died 7 December 1858) in Sessions Settlement, Utah, (now Bountiful), and 3, Anne Marie Kirstine Rasmussen.
Niels Christian Schow and Marie Pedersen, after conversion to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, were baptized 27 October 1850 in Aalborg. They, with three other couples baptized there the same day, were the "first fruits of the Gospel in the province of North Jutland." - page 17, The History of the Scandinavian Mission, by Andrew Jensen. Niels Christian Schow was ordained a Teacher by the close of 1850, being one of the first twelve men of Denmark to hold the Priesthood. He was ordained an Elder 4 January 1852 (p. 44), and August 1852, the fourth General Conference of the Scandinavian Mission convened in Copenhagen. - The Saints in Vendsyssel were organized as the Vendsyssel Conference with Elder Niels Christian Schow as president." (p. 60). These references from The History of the Scandinavian Mission, by Andrew Jensen, explain the authority whereby he worked in Northern Denmark as recorded in his diary.
In a letter to me, dated 5 September 1958, Eugenie Larkin explained her translation of the diary as follows: "I have omitted some names, as I was not sure of them, and not acquainted with them. However, I can see that all his experiences were north of Aalborg and north of Limfjorden, a fjord that almost makes an island of northern Jutland. Aalborg, however, is on the south side of the fjord. You will notice some parentheses. They are my own inserts for better understanding."
I have been over the diary painstakingly, and with a magnifying glass have tried to figure out the place names Sister Larkin left as blank, but in not more than two cases have I ventured a guess. I have listed all places and names she gave in the translation, and searched all the atlas maps of Denmark in the Brigham City Library, but need a more detailed map. I am wondering if some of the places he went to visit were not actually important estates which had been given names.
My brother Sterling's daughter, Kaye Louise Schow Saling, granddaughter of Elmer C. Schow and great granddaughter of Michael Juel Schow, typed the stencils and prepared the mimeographed copies of Niels Christian Schow's missionary diary. It is our hope that having these copies will be a source of benefit and satisfaction to family members.
Iris W. Schow
Diary of N.C. Schow
Translated by Eugenia M. Larkin
New Year's Day, Aalborg, January 1, 1853, I was in Aalborg and enjoyed myself with the Saints there, also the second of January did I stand with the Saints there. I bore my testimony in the afternoon.
Monday and Tuesday, January 10 and 11.Visited with some people in ___________ sogn, but with meager results.
Wednesday, January 12. I visited the Saints and I found much contention among them. We held a Baptismal Meeting in the evening and I spoke to them with much power and they all prayed and humbled themselves.
Thursday, January 13. We gathered at P. Hansgaard's where there were many strangers present. They were very attentive. The meeting was blessed with the Spirit of the Lord, and everything went peacefully and well.
Friday, the 14th. I baptized nine at noon (12:30 O'clock). We had Baptismal Services (Confirmation) in the evening at the home of Niels Chr. and all went well and peacefully.
Saturday evening, January 15. We held a council meeting, where I had some of our members express themselves concerning the disunities and disputes among themselves. I spoke very sternly to them, and unity was established once again.
Sunday, the 16th. We held a meeting where I spoke. A few strangers were present. The spirit of the Lord was with us, and we partook of the Sacrament together, and we left each other's company rejoicing.
Tuesday, January 18th. I went to Selstrupmark to visit my brothers and sisters, whom I found rejoicing in the Lord.
Wednesday, the 19th. I reached my brethren, Steffen Christensen and F. Gottfredsen, who were happy in serving the Lord, and we agreed to have a meeting with Brother Niels Serup's. We anticipated a joyful evening, as three should have hands placed on their heads after baptism, but unseemly behavior of those who had received baptism prevented this, and instead we had a rough crowd of ________ and __________ (noisy hoodlums) and many enemies and an angry mob who came to throw us out, which also happened.
Sunday, the 23rd of January. We had a meeting over in Steenbroew, where most of the members were present, and some strangers. The Lord's Spirit was near us, and the Saints felt blessed. Everything went friendly and peacefully, and we parted filled with joy from each other.
Monday evening, the 24th January. We held a meeting at Brother Lauritz Christensen's. There were many strangers present, but they were respectful and attentive, and the meeting was friendly and good.
Sunday, the 30th, of January. We held a meeting in ___________havn. Most of our members were present and a few strangers. The spirit of the Lord was felt abundantly among us, and we all rejoiced in the Lord, and in the evening of the same day two were baptized, Johanne Stine Pedersdatter and Johanne Marie Jensen.
Wednesday, the 2nd of February. A prayer meeting was held and it was a blessed event.
Thursday, the 3rd. I was in Hjørring and had a prayer meeting scheduled, which was not held. I had earlier spoken with a miller apprentice who had been baptized but had fallen away from the truth and its light, and he spoke with scornful force. He was dead to prayer and the Gospel.
Friday, the 4th I traveled to Oster to ______________. We were commanded to preach, whereupon I stood forth and bore testimony, but was soon interrupted. We were threatened and they stood up against us, and twisted branches from trees and chased us, and we fled in the dark into a farm building. The mob followed us, and the light from a fire-brand (torch) flickered near us, whereupon we hurriedly hid but they searched for us both in the barn and stable and loft, and they got a lantern to aid in their search for us, and in the loft they first found F. Gottfredwen, whom they dragged and buffeted among themselves. They said he should be baptized with three firebrands, whereupon they led him to Oster-a a (a a means creek) and threw him in. Here they found Brother Steffen Christensen, whom they treated in a like manner and then they found me and treated me likewise. After throwing me around several times, they at last flung me into Oster-a a, and I immediately arose and fled to ___________, where I arrived at half past eleven in the evening.
Sunday, February 6th I visited our members in Skør, where I found a sister very sick in her body, but staunch in the Spirit.
[This ends page 4 of Mrs. Larkin's translation. At this point she has the following note. "Pages 3 and 4 are from the loose leaf in the diary. There must be more missing from the diary as the next page starts without any information as to the time and place." It looks to me that he just wrote up Sunday, February 6, 1853, twice, forgetting as he went onto the new page that he had already written about Sunday. ¾I.W.S.]¾ P. Krog, where I held a meeting in the evening. There were about 20 strangers present, who were very respectful, and everything went friendly and fine, and the Spirit of the Lord was near us.
Saturday was spent at Brother A. Pedersen's where I found that the members were all fine. We had a council meeting in the evening, where I spoke a little to ___________, and on Sunday, the 6th of February I did travel to Napstjert and held a meeting, where there were many strangers present, and the Spirit of the Lord had power over the people, and they paid much attention. All went peacefully and friendly, and many that day had the Gospel explained to them. In the evening I baptized two, Jens Chr. Tommesen and Lars Jacobsen.Monday, the 7th of February. I visited Saints in Aalbeck, who were fine, and I spoke to many friendly people who believe our doctrine.
Tuesday, the 8th, I traveled again to Opholm, where we had a good meeting. The Saints from the surrounding country were there, and I placed my hands on one sister's head after baptism, and many strangers were present, and all were happy, and we were blessed with the Spirit of the Lord.
Wednesday, the 9th of February, I traveled again to Opholm, where I held a meeting in the evening at the home of schoolteacher Jensen. Some stood up against me with a very malicious spirit, for about half an hour. One left after he had done what mischief he could, and some others followed him, tired of listening to the quarrelsome attitude. After this we had a meeting where I spoke that which the Lord gave me to say.
Thursday, the 10th of February and Sunday. ["I think it should be Friday," Mrs. Larkin notes.] I stayed mostly indoors.
Saturday, the 12th of February, I went to Anholm, where we held a council meeting in the evening.
Sunday, the 13th of February. We held a meeting in Slade. Five old acquaintances came there and I bore testimony to them. They were very kind, and not doubting men, but friends.
Monday, the 14th. I went to Slade toward evening with Guston (Justen?) Andreas, who was not unfriendly, but he would not accept our belief.
Tuesday, the 15th. Toward evening I and Brother P. Krog went to Hawlet (Kawljt?) (or Kamset?) where we spoke to some friends who were favorable toward our eachings.
Wednesday, the 16th of February. I went again to (Hamlet or Kamset or Katfig (?) where I visited with Pronteur (forman) Meller, from Skaampgaard. He was very polite about my teachings, but maintained that the truth, is to leave all but the truth, and anyone can have that.
Thursday, the 17th of February. I went to _______________.
Friday the 18th. We held council meeting where I spoke to some of the brethren, and here also I suggested Brother Peder Christian Jensen, after the Spirit's prompting, should be made an Elder. This was seconded by Brother Christian Peder Nielsen, and accepted by the council.
Saturday, February 19th. I traveled with Brother A. Pedersen to Julsmark and spent the night with his parents, and I conversed with his father about the gospel, and he was not interested.
Sunday, February 29th. The day was spent with the Saints in meeting. They were doing fine. I found. In the afternoon we had a meeting in _____________. They were not used to strangers who were respectful and quiet, but we were fortunate and blessed this time.
Monday, the 21st of February. I made a trip to Aalborg, where I rejoiced with the members and also visited with my own family. I went back to Julsmark the 6th of March 1853, where we held a meeting and were blessed with the Spirit of the Lord.Tuesday, the 8th of March.We had a (testimony ?) meeting, and Wednesday, the 9th of March -We held a meeting at Karl Moss' house. There were several strangers present who had a great longing for the word of God. The meeting was richly blessed, and we felt God was very, very close.
Thursday, the 10th of March. I traveled in company with Brother Steffen Oxenterp. We visited a family who were ready for baptism. We held a little meeting, and we all were blessed by God's Spirit.
Friday, the 11th of March. I went to Haveslev, and stopped with Brother Niels Seerup. I found the saints in good spirit and doing fine, and gathered together in the evening.
Saturday, the 12th of March. I visited with a family in Haverslev, who were interested in our teachings, and I went afterwards to Steenbroen, where we held a council in the evening.
Sunday, the 13th of March. We held a meeting where many interested and Saints were present. The Lord's Spirit was over us, and everything went friendly and well, and in the afternoon we held a meeting at Brother Lauritz Christensen's, where there were many strangers present. The meeting went off very peacefully and many were really interested.
Wednesday, the 16th of March. I visited with my brothers and sisters in Skraal, where I found our sister very sick. We came back and had a meeting in the evening, and were blessed and rewarded.
Thursday, the 17th of March. I went to visit with a family who believed.
Saturday night, the 19th of March. We held a council meeting.
Sunday, the 20th of March. We held a meeting with many Saints, and some strangers were present. Everything went friendly and all was blessed with God's Spirit, and in the evening Soren Songagurrg (?) and Jeppe ________________ were baptized.
Monday, March 21. I traveled in company with Brother J. Christensen to (Skraal) where we found our sister very sick. She had been blessed with oil. Then we went to ___________, where we spoke to the Lady. Her husband was not at home, but she was very interested in our doctrine.
Tuesday evening, March 22. We held a testimony meeting and were really blessed.
Thursday, March 23, (Skartorsday, or the Thursday before Easter) and Good Friday (Lang Fredag), the 24th and Saturday, the 25th of March. Conference was held in ______________, where many Saints were present from the different branches. I conducted the conference, assisted by Brother Larsen. Many things were accomplished, and everything went friendly and well. I traveled to Aalberg on Saturday, the 26th of March, where I saw ____________. I talked to Sister Sørena Nielsen, and found that she, under the circumstances, was getting along fairly well.
Sunday, 27th of March and the 28th. Conference was held in Aalborg, with Brother Larsen conducting. Many sisters were present from the different branches, and many things were discussed and handled, and everything went friendly and well.
Wednesday, the 30th of March. I traveled in company with Brothers Larse, Tommesen, Bohn ___________berg, and Andersen to Copenhagen, where we arrived April the 5th at 6 O'clock in the afternoon.
Wednesday, the 6th April. We attended conference there. Many Saints were present from different cities and places in the land. Many speeches were given by the brethren in (of) the priesthood.[On pages 76 and 77 of The History of the Scandinavian Mission by Andrew Jensen, we find, "On Wednesday, 6 April 1853, a general conference of the Scandinavian Mission was opened in Copenhagen, Denmark, it being the 23rd anniversary of the organization of the Church. The first meeting commenced at 10:o'clock and after the opening exercises, President Willard Snow gave the Elders who presided over the different conferences an opportunity to report. Elder Niels Christian Schow, President of the Vendsyssel Conference, J. Larsen, President of the Aalborg Conference, and Anders Andersen, President of the Fredericaia Conference, reported their labors and the progress made in their respective conferences, as well as the condition of the Saints... The Gospel had spread throughout the land, and missionaries had gone as far north as Skagen, the northernmost point of Jutland, and everywhere the message declared by the Elders caused a great stir among the population... All the speakers encouraged the Saints to be humble and faithful. 'We have suffered long enough for our own sake,' said Elder Schow, 'and we ought to rejoice now that we can suffer for the sake of Christ.'" Elder Schow is the only speaker at the conference whose direct words are quoted in The History of the Scandinavian Mission.]Brother (W.) (Willard) Snow conducted the conference, and many things were explained to friends of the Church. Everything went off friendly, and the conference closed April the 10th. I traveled in company with the brethren from Zion, Haagen, and Pedersen, also Larsen, Bohn, and Tommassen, from Copenhagen via Aarhus to Aalborg, and arrived there on the 15th, where I stayed at home with my family and enjoyed visiting among the Saints until the 24th. I then traveled to Julesmark, where I found the Saints gathered in the home of Brother P. Ottesen. I spoke a little to them, and I had a talk, after the meeting, with Brother P. Moss and Niels _________'s children, who were rather weak in the faith.
Wednesday, the 27th of April. We held a council meeting at Brother P. Ottosen's and we held a prayer meeting the following Sunday at his home, also.
Sunday, the 1st of May. We held our meeting at Brother Black's where I conducted. Some strangers were present, but they were very interested, and several Saints were also present, and the meeting was blessed with the Spirit of the Lord, and everything went friendly and well, and in the afternoon a cottage meeting was held and Brother Niels ________________,s, where his sons were present, but most of the congregation were members. I spoke to them and everything went friendly and well. Black's wife was baptized. We had a council meeting Monday at Brother Black's where I spoke directly to the brethren.
Tuesday, the 3rd of May. I had a talk with Brother Niels ____________ and his children, who were weak in the faith and found they wanted to be excommunicated from the Church. They said they had been baptized against their own wishes. I also had a talk, the same day, with Brother Black and his children and found there was much conflict and doubt among them. I spoke pretty (very) straight to them, and they confessed (or acknowledged) their sins and humbled themselves, although it was Wednesday the 4th before I really had them converted.
Thursday, the 5th of May. I held a meeting at Brother Niels Christian's where most of the Saints were present. The Spirit of the Lord was with those assembled, and all were happy in the Lord. I left there in the afternoon at 2:00 o'clock and arrived at ___________havn in the evening about half past eight. There, to my great joy, my wife met me.
Sunday, the 8th of May. I held a meeting in Steenbroen, where most of the Saints were present, and also some strangers who were all very attentive, and everything went friendly and well. We also held a meeting in the afternoon with Brother Langesen's. There were many strangers, and well as Saints present. All paid much attention, and everything went friendly and well.
I baptized Christian Christiansen on Tuesday, the 10th of May.
We held a meeting on Wednesday, the 11th of May, which was richly blessed.
Thursday, the 12th of May. I traveled with my wife to Aalborg.
Saturday, the 14th. My wife and I, Brother Larsen and his wife spent the day at home. I then left Aalborg and arrived at ___________havn about 15 minutes to 12 that night. I baptized two sisters the next morning early.
Sunday, the 15th of May. On the way back from Rønnberg (or Rommberg) Klint I held a meeting in ___________havn, where there were many strangers and most of the Saints (members) present. The meeting was blessed, and in the afternoon I reached Hjørring with Brother Jens Christensen. We administered to and blessed Sister Signe Brun, and this gave us an opportunity to bear our testimonies to some strangers who were present and seemed impressed.
We spent Monday, the 16th of May in Hjørring, and visited at Niels Hamberg's home. We also had opportunity to bear testimony to some strangers who seem impressed and humble.
Wednesday, the 18th. We went by wagon to _______________ and visited our brother, to find out how he was. We found our Brother in good spirit, and returned in the evening to hold a cottage meeting, which was richly blessed.
We held a council meeting on Saturday evening, May 21, and decided to hold worship every Sunday afternoon, where the Saints should stand up and express their feelings.
Sunday, the 22nd of May. We held a meeting in __________havn. Most of those present were members, but there were also a few strangers. The meeting was blessed with the Spirit of the Lord, and everything went friendly and well. I went to Hjørring in the afternoon with Brother J. Christensen, to the home of Jorgen Hammelhej to hold a meeting where a few had gathered. I bore testimony, but saw it made very little impression.
Saturday, the 21st. We had visited with Brother Mickel Christensen and Brother P. C. Jensen and their wives, and also with Sister Maren Kristine Burn Fogt.
We held a meeting on Wednesday, the 25th of May and were very much blessed.
Brother H. F. Christensen left for Copenhagen Friday the 27th of May and I, in the company with Brother J. Christensen and Laust Christensen, went to Brother P. Andersen's.
We left there Sunday, the 29th of May, for ____________, where we held meeting with the members, who were all doing well. There were a few strangers present, who gave us their names.We then left for N__________ (might be Napstjert), where we held a meeting in the afternoon, most of the membership was present, and many strangers who seemed very interested and it looked as though some of these would be baptized. The meeting was blessed richly with the Spirit of the Lord.
Tuesday, May 31. We visited the Saints in Aalbak (Aalback?). We found them doing well, and we spoke to several people who seemed very much impressed with our doctrine.
Wednesday, June 1. We held a meeting in Napstjert where most of our members were present, also some strangers, who were very attentive. The meeting was blessed, and everything went friendly and well.
Thursday, the 2nd of June. I organized, after the Spirit's prompting, a branch, and we called it the Napstjerte Branch. Brother Steffen Christensen was sustained as superintendent. This branch was started with 17 members. We left for Opholm, where we held a council meeting in the evening, and things were planned for Sunday.
1. Neils Christian Schow
[This is the history of the family of Neils Schow and Sarah Ellen Fotheringham Schow, as we remember it and can tell it, with help of diaries and the stories we loved to hear. We, Beverly Rae (Weston) Palmer and Betty Ellen (Crookston) Carson decided that someone should put together this history. We are two of few remaining cousins (granddaughters ) of Nels and Sarah (Nellie) Schow. This has always been a close-knit family and we have between us diaries, family stories and history told to us by our folks and other family members. There are genealogy sheets and pictures. We have tried to put all this together so it is interesting to all and hopefully accurate.]
Neils, or Nels Christian Schow was born December 6th, 1866 at Mantua, Box Elder County, Utah, to Neils Christian Anderson Schow and Anne Marie Kirstine Rasmussen Schow. The family left Brigham City, where they were living when Nels was six years old, moving to Panguitch, Utah, with other settlers to help colonize the region. His father was a tailor by trade, worked in the Co-Op mercantile in Panguitch, being part owner. There were three boys and three girls in the Schow family:
Marie, was born August 3, 1863, died October 26, 1863
Gedske, born September 20, 1864, died July 29, 1933
Neils, born December 6, 1866
Anne, born Septtember 30, 1871, died August 20, 1872
Louis, born April 6, 1873, died September 24, 1873
Charles, born December 4, 1874,died April 26, 1948.
Anne was born in Panaca, Nevada, so it must be assumed the family was living there at that time. Nels's father passed away on February 2, 1879 and his mother died on July l2, 1879, within months of her husband. She died following childbirth complications. Nels, his sister Gedske, who was married to James Henrie at the time, and younger brother Charles were left orphans within a few short months. After the death of his parents, Nels lived in Escalante with his half brother James for about four years, then he went to live with his father's first wife (Aunt Mary) in Panguitch. She passed away when he was seventeen years old. Nels then went to live with his sister Gedske and her husband and was immediately put to work doing a man's work. He stayed with them for several years.
He attended school at the Murdock Academy in Beaver, Utah in 1887. While there he lived with Grandma Fotheringham's family; it was then that he met Sarah Ellen, affectionately called Nellie, whom he later married. They were married November 9, 1889 at Richfield, Utah.
Nels taught school for two years at Orton, and one year at Cannonville, this was about 1891. The family then moved to Panguitch—Metta and Kenneth were born while they lived there. Mother (Mary) informs me that Metta should have been Mette, that's the old Danish spelling. The family lived at Panguitch until 1894, then as the result of the 1893-94 depression and the fact that he was unable to collect monies due him, Nels was unable to make the final payment ($80.00) on his home and holdings there. The property was lost and the family moved to the Lower Valley, about twelve miles north of Milford, Utah. This was a new farming region, then opening up for homesteads and producing marvelous crops of grain and hay. The Schows homesteaded a farm about six miles south of Blackrock. They left the valley in 1896 and moved to Frisco, where Nels worked in the Horn Silver Mine, a silver producer, booming at that time. They spent the winter of 1896-7 there. The family was now increased to three children, Metta, Kenneth and Marie. Their next move was to Beaver, where they spent some time and then returned to the Lower Valley, now called Reed. They spent the winter of 1898 on the James Forgie farm, both families living there, Spencer had been born during that year.
Their next move was to the Smithson farm, for one winter, then back to Milford, where Mary was born in September 1901.
Nels had an opportunity to take over the big Murdock Ranch in the Lower Valley as a sort of general manager, to share in the stock increase and in the crops produced. This was a big ranch, fertile and level. It produced enormous crops of grain and alfalfa, and the family did very well here.
Nels furnished the beef cattle for the Meat and Grocery business operated by his brother-in-law, Steve Fotheringham in Milford. Letha was born in Frisco in December of 1903, possibly while the family was still living in Milford. In 1907 the Schows moved to Milford, where Nels joined Steve Fotheringham in the grocery business, disposing of his interest in the cattle etc. from the Murdock Ranch venture and investing it in the grocery business. He purchased a home in town, a two-room frame structure and added to it. The partnership with Steve lasted for several years, then Steve sold his interest in the Milford store and purchased a thriving business in Newhouse. The Milford business became "N. C. Schow and Sons." The store catered to the miners at the Moscow Mine, and Kenneth drove to and from the mine at regular intervals with groceries and he also carried mail.
Nels was a very capable cattleman and farmer but the grocery business was not his expertise; he was honest to a degree and assumed that everyone else was the same. He extended too much credit and could never pass up a hard luck story—as a result, he was forced to close the business and move back to Reed about 1912 or 1913. At this time Kenneth was called on a mission to Denmark and then with the war raging in Europe, the missionaries were returned to the states, Kenneth finished his mission in Kansas.
The old Curfew ranch at Reed was home for the Schows for several years, one hundred ten acres of very fertile land and it was made to pay, so much so, that it was sold in 1917 and the family moved back to Milford where Spencer and Mary were already living and attending high school. Nels also purchased land in Enterprise about this time and the family spent at least two summers there.
Nels was town Marshall for a time about the year 1910, but the harsh treatment accorded prisoners at that time was completely foreign to his nature, so the position was of short duration.
While on the Curfew farm he was appointed County Commissioner and served two terms. In order to attend the meetings it was necessary for him to flag the train at Reed Station, ride to Milford, and then take a stage from there to Beaver, making this a two or three day trip.
Nels went to work for the Union Pacific Railroad on January 1, 1918, working at the freight depot as a checking clerk. During the depression the railroad cut their working force as an economic measure and his job was abolished, so he went to Delta for a time, when that job was abolished he went back to Milford as a section hand in order to save his seniority, his foreman said of him that he could out work any two of his men. He retired February 1, 1937 at the age of 71.
He was ward clerk for a number of years, also acted as 2nd counselor to Bishop Burns and as a clerk for Bishop Bird. He was an ardent fisherman and enjoyed nothing more than a picnic trip with his family or a hunting trip with his grandson, Jack Weston Jr., a sport he enjoyed until about 1955 when he was forced admit that he could no longer "sight his gun."
This history was written by his daughter, my Mother, Mary Schow Crookston, in another part of this history will be a collection of little stories that Mother wrote about all the things she remembered about growing up, I'm sure there will be something each family will enjoy, as she told something about everyone. Her memory to this day is fantastic—I think she can out-do me at times and she is 93. There is a story Grandpa and Grandma used to tell about Grandpa's father, he was the eldest son of a very wealthy landowner, I believe a castle was even mentioned, but he stood to inherit the holdings. He decided to migrate to the United States and his father told him if he did that he would be written out of the family Bible, disinherited. He came to the United States and when Kenneth was on his mission to Denmark he made a trip to the family estate. Just as they had said, Neils Christian Anderson Schow had been marked out of the Bible. It was as though he had never existed. I don't know if the story is true, but it makes good telling doesn't it? I found some pictures and articles on the part of Denmark that the Schows came from and will put them in this history. (1995).
I want to share my memories of Grandpa Schow, I hope Beverly will too, Johnny Weston should have some very good ones too, if we can get them all together. I wasn't as lucky as a few of the cousins who lived in Milford and grew up around Grandpa and Grandma Schow but we did spent every summer there, from early June to late August. I think those summers held some of my very best memories. When I was little, Grandpa was eight feet tall, at least so it seemed, I guess when you're small a tall man looks so very, very big. He was a big man, over six feet tall and big boned. His hair was brown, fine and thinning as he got older, but he didn't go gray until he was in his late seventies. His eyes were blue and he had a quiet, gentle way about him. I don't remember ever seeing him mad; oh, once or twice he'd chase us out of his garden, maybe turn the hose on us, but only in fun.
He had such patience. I remember him teaching me to fish, Of course he would have to bait my hook and if I was lucky enough to catch a fish he'd have to take it off the hook. (I did catch a few!) All this time he was trying to do a little fishing of his own, but he never said a thing. All the families, the Westons, the Smyths, the Crookstons and sometimes the Lewis's would camp out for ten days to two weeks in the Beaver Mountains or up on the Mammoth, in the Cedar Mountains. Every summer we did this, and Grandpa never missed a trip. Those days the roads were terrible, the cars were just as bad and we always had to stop at least two or more times on the way because the radiators were boiling over. Grandpa was always the first out of the car, carrying a can or pail to get water for the car. He never missed a picnic up in the cedars out of Milford; we ate a lot of suppers up in the cedars. He brought in the first wood for the fire, and never failed to warn us children to look out for rattlesnakes!
Every once in awhile he would go somewhere that took him out of town overnight—did that make me happy! I could sleep in his feather bed. He had his own room out on the back porch and that bed was something special—I'd get in and sink out of sight, but was it comfortable!
I remember him telling us of the time in Panguitch, when he was just about ten or eleven, the militia came to get John D. Lee, who was next door. He remembered the men all in black and John D. Lee was hiding in the chicken coop, it left quite an impression on him, especially after they killed Mr. Lee at Mountain Meadows.
I can still see his big workworn hands; he had eczema. Whenever we were in the mountains he'd find a pine tree and smear pine gum on the raw spots, claimed it really did help. He had a real green thumb; his gardens and flowers were wonderful! My Mom said if he'd set a fence post in the ground it would probably sprout. He really did enjoy life. He and my Dad, Frank Crookston liked to walk up or down the Beaver River together, fishing—they liked to fish anywhere for that matter. He did his hunting with young John Weston—they spent a lot of time together. During the depression my Dad lost his job, Grandpa arrived on the train with a big trunk filled with potatoes, cabbage, beets, carrots and bottled preserves. He was really something! I wish my children could have known him as I did but they were too little to remember him before he became ill. He died September 18, 1962 on my Mother's birthday.
Niels Christian Schow, our ancestor and the founder of our family in America, was born on the 9th of February 1816, in Randers, Denmark. He was a son of Anders Jensen Schow, who was born in 1786 in Hebra, Randers County, Denmark, and Anne Christensen Ericksen, born in 1790, in Viborg, Denmark. (Viborg Co., N. C. wrote). Niels Christian Schow had one brother, James who was born the 3rd of December 1813.
Of Niels Christian Schow's boyhood we have no known record, but we do have some letters and records which he wrote. These indicate that he was educated to read and write well in the Danish language. He must also have received some instruction in music at some period in his life, as he served later as a choir leader, and also played in a band. He was skilled in the trade of tailoring clothing, and during his life in Denmark he earned his living at that occupation. His Granddaughter, Ane Henrie Excell states, "Grandpa used to tie and dye yarn, and it was very pretty." Mother Gedske said, "Mother said he tied and dyed yarn." (the 6th N. C. wrote)
On the 16th of January 1836, Niels Christian's mother died in Viborg County, Denmark. His father died in 1847 in Aalborg County, and his brother James died the 23rd of April 1848 in Slevich, so that there is no record that any of his immediate family were still living at the time of his conversion to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
Niels Christian Schow's first wife was Marie Christensen, sometimes known as Marie From, because of the use of her step-father's surname. She was born on the 9th of June 1809 in Aalborg, Denmark, the daughter of Kristen Kristensen (Chresten Christensen, N. C.'s spelling) and Kerstine Rasmussen (Sonichsen, wrote N.C.).
The children of their family, born before their conversion, were:
Kirstine Rasmine Schow, born 1 January, 1842, and died 5 October, 1843, in Aalborg.
Kirstine (Christina) Rasmine Schow, born 19 January, 1844 in Aalborg.
Michael Joel Schow, born 16 September, 1848, in Aalborn (N. C. wrote September 12th).
Jens (James) Schow, born 12 September, 1848, in Aalborn, (N. C. wrote September 16th).
Before the coming of the Mormon Missionaries, according to The History of the Scandinavian Mission, by Andrew Jensen, "In Aalborg, as well as in Copenhagen, there were in 1830, quite a number of Baptists who seemed to be very sincere in their worship, and the success following the preaching of the gospel in the capital of Denmark was undoubtedly the main reason why the attention of the first Elders was drawn to the same class of people in the city of Aalborg. Among the leading Baptists in the vicinity of Aalborg was Hans Peter Jensen, the owner of a large mechanical establishment in Norre Sundby. He was also "Forstander" or president of the Baptists in Aalborg and vicinity. This Mr. Jensen and other influential Baptists were evdeavoring to adjust some differences of opinion existing among the members of that denominiation concerning certain doctrinal points, when Elder (George Parker) Dykes, unexpectedly to them, arrived in Aalborg."
This was the situation in Aalborg when Elder Dykes arrived. William Niels Schow, son of Michael Joel Schow, told Iris W. Schow the following account of the conversion of Niels Christian Schow to the L.D.S. faith as he remembered having heard it in his family:
Niels Christian Schow and his friend, Hans Peter Jensen went to the meeting held by the Elders in Aalborg. They made up their minds they would get the missionary into the Jensen home and show him where he was wrong. Hans Peter Jensen invited the missionary to dinner, and Niels Christian Schow hastened to get his own dinner over with and rush to the Jensen home. When he arrived, H. P. Jensen was sitting leaning his head on his hand and listening intently, while the missionary was doing all of the talking. Niels Christian could see that Hans Peter was being convinced by the missionary. He did not last long himself in the discussion with the missionary. The two friends were converted, and they and their wives were among the first 8 baptized in Aalborg.
Continuing to quote from The History of the Scandinavian Mission (p. 17, col. 1), Mr. Jensen became one of his first converts and he, together with his wife, Sarah, Josephine Katrine Hensen, and six others were baptized on 27 October, 1850, as the first fruits of the gospel in the province of North Jutland. The names of the six others were: Niels Christian Schow and wife (Marie), Ole Christian Nielsen and wife (Else Katrine), and Hans Frederik Petersen and wife (Helene Nathilde). Some of these first converts in Aalborg subsequently became prominent and active in the Chruch, especially Hans Peter Jensen.
Niels Christian Schow's wife's mother and step-father, Erich Christian From and Kirstene From were baptized in November of 1850 in Aalborg. (N. C.'s record)
According to the History book quoted, there were about 100 Church members in Copenhagen and 30 in Aalborg and vicinity by the close of 1850. Twelve of the local brethren had been ordained to the lesser Priesthood, ten in Copenhagen and two in the Aalborg Branch. . . . In the Aalborg Branch, the Priesthood consisted of Priest, Hans Peter Jensen and Teacher, Niels Christian Schow. Niels Christian Schow, then, was one of the first 12 converts of Denmark to hold the Priesthood (p. 20). On January 4, 1852 the first conference to be held in Aalborg, Denmark convened. Niels Christian Schow was ordained an Elder and appointed to preside over the Aalborg Branch. His friend, Brother Jensen, became president of the new Vendsyssel Branch. Soon after, 30 persons were added to the Church at Aalborg (p. 44). On Thursday, August 12, 1852, the fourth general conference of the Scandinavian Mission convened in Copenhagen. The Saints in Vendsyssel were organzied as the Vendsyssel Conference with Elder Niels Christian Schow as president (p. 60).
On the 13th of September, 1851 Marie's last baby, Mary Magdalene Schow, was born dead at Aalborg. This indicates that the family was still living at Aalborg at that time.
Just when Niels Christian Schow's missionary work for The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints began, we do not know. But he kept a brief diary beginning with January 1, 1853, which indicates he was doing missionary work at that time in the area north of Aalborg, which is cut off from the rest of the Jutland Peninsula by the Fjord of Limfjorden.
A few excerpts from N. C. Schow's diary follow:
Wednesday January 12, I visited the saints and found much contention among them. We held a Baptismal meeting in the evening, and I spoke to them with much power, and they all prayed and humbled themselves.
Friday January 14, I baptized 9 at noon. We held Baptismal services (confirmation) in the evening . . . and all went well and peaceful.
The next portion is the most adventurous experience he recorded.
Of a local conference at Aalborg on Sunday March 27 and 28, Niels Christian wrote, "Everything went friendly and well," an expression which he often used. His modesty is shown in his account of the conference he attended at Copenhagen, of which he wrote:
"Wednesday the 30th of March—I traveled in company with Brothers Larsen, etc. to Copenhagen, where we arrived April 5 at 6 o'clock . . . and Wed. the 6th attended conference there . . . Many speeches were given by the brethren of the priesthood." Yet on pages 76-77 of the History of the Scandinavian Mission we find: "On Wednesday, April 6, 1853, a general conference of the Scandinavian Mission was opened in Copenhagen, Denmark, it being the 23rd anniversary of the organization of the Church. The first meeting commenced at 10 o'clock, and after the opening exercises, president Willard Snow gave the Elders who presided over the different conferences an opportunity to report. Elder Niels Christian Schow, President of the Vendyssel Conference, J. Larsen, President of the Aalborg Conference, and Anders Andersen, President of the Fredericia Conference reported their labors and progress made in their respective conferences, as well as the condition of the Saints . . . . The gospel had spread throughout the land and missionaries had gone as far north as Skagen, the northmost point of Jutland, and everywhere the message declared by the Elders caused a great stir among the population . . . All the speakers encouraged the Saints to be humble and faithful. 'We have suffered long enough for our own sakes,' said Elder Schow, 'and we ought to rejoice now that we can suffer for the sake of Christ.'" Elder Schow is the only speaker at that conference who is directly quoted in the History. Following the conference, he arrived at Aalborg on the 15th and visited his family until April 24, 1853.
N. C. Schow's diary continues until June 2, 1853. In it he recorded many day-to-day accounts of meetings held and his personal efforts to settle differences among the Saints.
"On the afternoon of December 22, 1853," states The History of the Scandinavian Mission (p. 87), "the first emigrant Company of the season, the third emigrating company of Saints from Scandinavia set sail from Copenhagen on board the steamship Slesvig, (301 souls) under the presidency of Christan J. Larsen . . . . By way of Kiel, Gluckstadt, and Hull, the emigrants reached Liverpool, England, on December 28th, and on January 1, 1854, they went on board the ship Jesse Munn, chartered by the presidency in Liverpool for the transportation of the Scandinavian Saints."
"The company sailed form Liverpool January 3, 1854, and after a prosperous voyage, arrived at the mouth of the Mississippi River January 16th, 1854. On the 20th the Jesse Munn arrived in New Orleans, where . . . Larsen made a contract for further transportation of the company to St. Louis, Missouri."
Christina Schow Henrie's sketch states that the Schows left Denmark in 1853, "Going by sailing vessel to Liverpool, England, and then sailing on the good ship Jesse Munn to New Orleans, arriving there on February 16, 1854. The voyage was continued up the Mississippi River to Kansas City, Missouri, where they remained for a time preparing for the journey across the plains, which trip they made in Captain Hans Peter Olsen's Company. She walked the entire distance, except for two afternoons.
The History of the Scandinavian Mission (p. 88-89) states that the Jesse Munn Company and the Benjamin Adams group merged at Kansas City under Captain Hans P. Olsen, beginning the trek across the Plains on May 9, 1854. There were 69 wagons grouped in tens. "To each wagon were attached 4 oxen and 2 cows. From 10 to 12 persons were assigned each wagon." It is obvious why Christina had to walk. They arrived in Salt Lake Valley October 5, 1854.
Excerpt from Christina's sketch:
While at Bountiful (Sessions Settlement), Niels Christian Schow married a second wife, Anne (Anderson?) who had been born in Denmark in 1822. Anne died the 7th of December 1858, at Sessions Settlement, Davis County, Utah.
Niels Christian Schow and his wife Marie took their endowments the 19th of March 1857. On the 19th of October, 1861 Niels Christian Schow married his third wife, Anne Marie Kirstine Rassmussen. Anne was born the 3rd of April, 1842, at Galton, Aarhus County, Denmark. Niels Christian's letters to his son, Michael, indicate there was a loving, harmonious relationship existing in his polygamous family.
The Schows moved to Brigham City, Box Elder County, Utah. The History of Box Elder County states, "In the early sixties, Brigham City maintained a good band," and N. C. Schow is listed among the members of it.
In the spring of 1863 the Niels Christian Schow family joined with a small group of Latter-day Saint families to found the little town of Mantua, in a small valley east of Brigham City. Here N. C. Schow did an important work as the first Superintendent of the L.D.S. Sunday School.
Marie Schow, born 3 August 1863, Brigham City; blessed 13 September; died 26 October 1863, Brigahm City
Gedske Schow, born 20 September 1864, Box Elder valley; blessed 4 October by Brother Rasmus Nielsen
Niels Christian Schow, born 6 December 1866, Box Elder valley; blessed 10 December by Brother Rasmus Nielsen
At some time after the close of the year of 1866, Niels Christian Schow and his families moved to Panaca, Lincoln County, Nevada to help start this settlement for the Church. While they lived there, a child, Anne Schow, was born to Anne Marie on the 3rd of April, 1871. She was blessed 3 June, 1871, and died 20 August, 1871. The Henrie Family History states that the Schow families were called by the Church to help settle Panaca along with the James and Samuel Henrie families and others. Life at Panaca was hazardous because of the bitter opposition of mobs.
In 1871 the President of the Church released the Saints from the Panaca Mission on account of the bitter opposition of the Pioche miners and the controversy over the taxes, whether they belonged to Utah or Nevada. He told them they could go wherever they wanted to, but he would like James and Samuel Henrie and families, also Grandfather Schow and family to go over to Panguitch on the head of the Sevier River, and help settle that part of Utah. They really wanted to go back to Davis County, Utah, but an indication from the President meant the same as a "call!" So they made their preparations to move to Panguitch, Utah. When they arrived, the women were very discouraged. Cold winters and short growing seasons made them think it would be next to impossible to live there and rear their families, but that call from the President of the Church helped them to make up their minds to stay on. (The Henrie Family History)
On the 6th of April, 1873, a son, Louis Rasmussen Schow, was born to Anne Marie and N. C. He was blessed 13 April, 1873, by Brother Elmer, and died 24 September, 1873, at Panguitch, Iron County, Utah.
Carl Frederick Schow (Charles) was born to them on the 4th of December, 1874, and blessed by Brother James Henrie the same day at Panguitch.
Anne Marie Henrie Schow writes of what she has heard of her grandfather, N. C. Schow, "I know that Grandpa Schow was the choir leader for some time, and people have told me that he was a good one. Then he was a tailor, and a good one. He had a little table two and a half feet long and a big gooseneck sad iron he pressed with. He built the table. It was one and a half feet wide. I have it in my home at Panguitch and prize it very much. I also have the iron.
"Then Grandpa used to tie and dye yarn, and it was very pretty," Mother (Gedske) said.
Two or three times a year, at least, Niels Christian Schow wrote long, newsy letters to his son Michael and his wife Christina, who had remained at Mantua. These letters reveal much of his personality. He could write interestingly without backbiting or complaining. He always asked to be remembered to old friends. He discussed items of historical interest such as Andrew's exploring trips and the establishment of the United Order. Both of his wives were mentioned affectionately, and he always had respect and affection for his in-laws. He never ceased to admonish his son, Michael, to be loyal to the Gospel, and he always urged Michael to come to southern Utah. His sense of humor was frequently in evidence. His letters make good reading.
Niels Christian Schow died on the 2nd of February, 1879, at Panguitch, Utah. He was buried in the Panguitch Cemetery.
1. Sources of Information for the Sketch
History of Box Elder County, by the Daughters of the the Utah Pioneers
History of the Henrie Family
Missionary Diary of Niels Christian Schow, translated from Danish by Euginia Larkin (Diary is for the year 1853)
Family data listed in the back of the above diary
Conversations with William Nielson Schow, son of Michael Juel Schow, and Christina Hansen (Sorensen) Schow. He is a grandson of N. C. Schow (I recorded these conversations at the time I talked with him.)
Sketch of the Life of Kirstine Rasmine Schow Henrie (Christina), obtained from her daughter, Evadean Henrie Bell, Box 175, Panguitch, Utah.
A letter from Ane Henrie Excell to Iris W. Schow, (Mrs. Excell is a daughter of Gedske Schow Henrie, and a granddaughter of Niels Christian Schow).
2. Additions Made When Recopying, 1964
"Wednesday, the 13th I traveled in company with the brethren from Zion, Hagan and Pederson, also Larsen Bolm, and Tomesen, from Copenhagen via Aarhus to Aalborg, and arrived there on the 15th, where I stayed at Aarhus home with my family, and enjoyed visiting among the Saints until the 24th."
Another quotation from the N. C. Schow diary illustrates the man's zeal in the Gospel, and his happy home life: "Tuesday, 3rd of May, I had a talk with Brother Niels ________ and his children, who were weak in the faith, and found they wanted to be excommunicated from the Church. They said they had been baptized against their own wishes. I also had a talk the same day with Brother Black and his children, and found there was much conflict and doubt among them. I spoke pretty (or very) straight to them, and they confessed (or acknowledged) their sins and humbled themselves, although it was Wednesday the 4th before I really had them converted."
"Thursday, 5th of May, I held a meeting at Brother Niels Christian's, where most of the Saints were present. The spirit of the Lord was with those assembled, and all were happy in the Lord."
"I left there in the afternoon at 2 o'clock and arrived at ___havn in the evening about half past eight. there, to my great joy, my wife met me."
N. C. Schow's diary continues until June 2, 1853. In it he recorded many day-to-day accounts of meetings held.
William Henrie is the emigrant ancestor of the Henrie family in Utah. He and his family left their home in Kirtland, Ohio soon after they joined the Church and joined the Saints at Nauvoo, Illinois. They acquired an 80 acre tract of land, where they lived until the Saints were mobbed and driven out of Nauvoo to Utah. They endured the privation, the hardship and heartache common to the Saints who were driven from their homes and farms. William knew the Prophet Joseph Smith at Nauvoo, Illinois. On another page is a copy of his ordination to the office of an Elder in the Quorum of Seventies. This was issued in Nauvoo, Hancock County, Illinois the 3rd day of February, 1845. Also a certificate was issued after they came to Utah October 5, 1857.
1. Letter to Michael Juel SchowFrom His Father, Neils Christian Schow
Translated by DeAnna Y. Johnson, Barbara B. Yates' sister-in-law.
Since it has been a long time that we have heard from you, I will write a few lines and let you know how it is going with us. We are all well and so far our health and our needs are well taken care of and for that we thank the Lord. And we hope the same is true for you. I have heard that you think we may have hard feelings because we haven't written for so long, but that is not the case. But I have so much to do with my tailoring and so the time is very precious for me. I have sold my sewing machine and I am going to get a commercial machine which will be a lot better for my work.
I wonder if you know that Andrue's oldest son, Little Andrue is dead, which was very hard for Andrue and Anne and all the rest of us, but it must have been the will of the Lord that he have to go now. James Schou's Anne has a little daughter and they are all well. Andrue and James cannot think of much else than Potato Valley. Andrue has been called as president there. He and James are over there now and they have worked there all winter. Andrue tells me to say hello and ask if you will come over there to live. If so, he will give you 20 acres of good land. There is a good climate there and you can raise every kind of produce and seed. There is really a lot that are going over there.
I greet you and thank you from your Mother for your presents and such. Christain, Stine [girl's name]* and Mother Halling see all of your good hearts to her [direct Danish translation] and your kindness to her which will always be a dear memory of you. We have heard there is lots of sickness in Peter Christain's family, but we are happy to hear through little Josephine Nicol's letter that they are all well now. We ask you to send our greetings to Josephine. We have received Josephine's letter and we surely want to thank her. I hear that Rasmus Nielsen has been sent on a mission. I have my own thought on that, but I think that he is in need of a good rest, he has had a lot of trouble in the Little Valley. And I wish to hear from him. We are having the hardest winter we have ever had since we have come to this place. It is snowing every day and hard frost, so it is very hard on the stock. I greet you from Stine and from your brothers and the rest of the family. They are all well and you are greeted most warmly from your Mother and Father N. Chr. Schou
We ask you to greet all our many friends many times from us. We wish you all a happy New Year. We hope that you will write back to us and let us know how everything is going.
Niels Christian Schow
—By Iris W. Schow, Granddaughter of Michael Juel Schow
[There were some errors and incomplete sections in the copy I have, and I have tried to correct them and make them clear, where possible. If you have an updated version of this article, please e-mail me. -HSS]