Friday, September 2, 2011

RICHARD CARY 1515-1570

[Ancestral Link: Mary Elizabeth Bickmore (Schow), daughter of Isaac Danford Bickmore, son of Isaac Motor Bickmore, son of David Bickmore, son of John Bickmore, son of Elizabeth Andrews (Bickmore), daughter of Elizabeth Bills (Andrews), daughter of Elizabeth Webstead (Bills), daughter of Mehitable Cary (Webstead), daughter of James Cary, son of William Cary, son of Richard Cary.]

Origin of the Carey Family
Origin of the Carey family of England Origin of the Name
Origin of the Carey Family of England 1 ADAM De KARI b: 1170 in Castle Kari, Somerset, England + Amy Trevitt - Father: William Trevitt

Castle Cary is situated in Somerset, twelve miles south east of Wells. There was a former stronghold known to have been fortified in the time of Saxons.

About the year 1125, the Lord William Percival named 'Lovel the Wolf" erected strong fortifications at Kari from which the name is taken. Much of the time during the reign of King Steven (1135-1154) the Barons were divided into two parties, The Lord Kari being opposed to the King. He made so much trouble that Stephen turned his whole attention to Castle Kari and took it. In 1153, it was besieged again and nearly ruined.

The Manor House stands on the east side of the street and was a stately edifice. During the wanderings of Charles II, when his army was defeated by Cromwell at the Battle of Worchester, the disguised King slept at Castle Cary on the night of 3 September 1651.

Reign of Henry II and Richard I. 2 John De Kary born 1200 +Elizabeth Stapleton Father: Richard Stapleton

Reign of John and Henry III. 3 William DeKary born 1230 in Castle Kary, Somerset, England +Alice Beaumont Father: William Beaumont Mother: Alwyn

Reign of Henry III and Edward I. 4 John DeKarry born 1270 in Castle Karry +Phillippa Archdeacon Father: Warren Archdeacon The use of the french 'DE' meaning 'of' or 'belonging to' was not adopted by all descending family members.

Reign of Edward I and Edward II. 5 William Kary born 1300 in Castle Kary, Somerset, England +Margaret Bosun (Bozon or Bozume) born in Clovelly of Devon

Reign of Edward III and Richard II. 6 John Cary born 1325 in St.Giles-in-the-Heath, Devon, England +Jane DeBryen Father: Guy de Bryen The spelling of the name was changed to Cary during the reign of Edward II and has ever since been spelled as Cary (until 1906). Sometime after that some Carys added an "e" to the name and there have been both Carys and Careys since.

Reign of Edward III and Richard II. 7 John Cary born 1350 in England died 1404 in Waterford, Ireland +Margaret Holway Among his estates were Cockington and Clovelly. From The Cary Family in England by Cary, "Prince says: 'On the fifth of November, 1387, he was by the King Richard II, made Chief Baron of the Exchequer, and advanced to be a Judge of the land; who being now placed in a high and spacious Orb, he scattered the Rays of Justice about him with great splendor. In his post he continued many years, manifesting in all his actions, an inflexible Virtue and Honesty; and indeed it fell out at last that he had an extraordinary occasion laid before him, for the proof and tryal thereof, upon which we find him as true as steel, for the greatest dangers could not affright him from his duty and Loyalty to his distressed Master, King Richard II, unto whom he faithfully adhered when most others had forsaken him.'

After the king was put to death by Henry IV, Sir John was banished and all his goods and lands confiscated for his loyalty to his royal master. Westcote says: 'I will speak of Sir John Cary, Baron of the Exchequer in the time of Richard II. This knight neither able nor willing, like a willow, to bow with every blast of the wind, so confidently and freely spoke his mind, opposing the proceedings for procurators to take the resignation of his master, King Richard, his true and undoubted Sovereign, that there-upon he was dis-officed, his goods and lands confiscated, and himself banished." He was banished to Waterford, Ireland, where he was no less than 4 years in banishment. A long time living, to be confined to the shades of misery and sorrow.

He lived during the reigns of Edward III and Richard II 8 Robert Cary born 1375 in Holway, Devon, England +Jane Hanchford Father: William Hanchford born in 1375, an extract from Burkes Heraldry: '

In the beginning of the reign of Henry V. (1413- 1422) a certain knight-errant of Aragon, having passed through divers countries, and performed many feats of arms, arrived here in England, where he challenged any man of his rank and quality to make a trial of his skill at arms. This challenge was accepted by Sir Robert Cary, between whom a cruel encounter and a long and doubtful combat was waged in Smithfield, London. But at length this noble champion vanquished the presumptuous Arragonois, for which King Henry V, restored unto him a good part of his fathers lands, for which his loyalty to Richard II, he had been deprived of by Henry IV. 2.) He was authorized to bear the arms of a Knight of Aragon, which the noble posterity wear to this day. For according to the Laws of Heraldry, whosoever fairley in the field conquers his adversary may justify the wearing of his arms.' 9 Philip Cary born 1400 in, England died 1437 +Christian Orchard Lived during the reigns of Henry IV, V, VI. Cary, Phillip Sir Knight 10 William Cary born 1437 in, England died May 06, 1471 +Elizabeth Paulett He was an ardent supporter of the House of Lancaster, and took an active part in the struggle between the adherents of Henry VI and Edward IV in the WAR OF THE ROSES.

At the Battle of Tewksbury on May 4, 1471, the Lancastrians were defeated, and William with others took refuge in the Abbey Church. According to the customs of the times the church was a 'Sanctuary', so that they could not be taken out of it. They were enticed out on the promise of pardon and two days later were beheaded. His property was confiscated as usual in such cases, but Henry VII restored it to his son Robert. We cannot ascertain for what reason, but probably because King Henry was a scion of the House of Lancaster in whose cause, his father lost his life and property. William left two sons Robert and Thomas. From Robert sprang the families of Clovelly, Torre Abbey, and Somersetshire. And from Thomas the three lines of nobles, Baron Hunsdon, Earl of Monmouth, and Viscount Falkland Line. He lived during the reign of Henry VI and Edward IV. 11 Robert Cary born 1460 in, England died 1540 +Agnes Hody Father: William Hody His tomb is in the Little Clovelly Church. It has a figure if a Knight set in brass in the slab with this inscription: PRAY FOR THE SOWLE OF SIR ROBERT CARY, ESQUIRE, SONNE AND HEYER OF SIR WM. CARY, KNYGHTE. WHICH SIR ROBERT DECESSYD THE XXV DAY OF JUNE IN THE YERE OF OUR LORD GOD M.V.XL O'WHO'S SOWLE IHU MERCY.

Lived during the reigns of Edward IV and V, Richard III, and Henry VII and VIII. 12 William Cary born 1492 in England died 1572 England + Unknown William Cary died in 1572 - the Elder dwelling upon ye Back in St. Nicholas Parish in ye city of Bristoll. He was sheriff of Bristol in 1532, and Mayor in 1546 temp. with Henry VIII. In his will, dated April 2, 1571, he requests 'my body to be buried in the crowde of St. Nicholas according to the religious custom of Christmas' and 'a sermon to be preached at my burial and the preacher to have for his pains six shillings, eight pence.' He died March 28, 1572, temp. Elizabeth. He married first, name unknown; issue; second Agnes, died 1559. His will dated 2 Apr. 1571 and proven on 10 June 1572, Having evidently retired from business when he made his will, he does not give his trade, but he was undoubtedly a "Drapper" like son Richard, "The Younger" who lived, and so carried on his business, in his father's house.

William Cary was sheriff of Bristol in Somerset, in 1532, during the reign of Henry Viii. He was mayor of that city in 1546. Lived during the reigns of Henry VII, VIII, Edward VI, Mary and Elizabeth I. 13 Richard Cary born 1515, England died after June 11, 1570 in Bristol, England + Anne Richard Cary, son of William, born 1515 - "the elder of the City of Bristol, merchant." He died two years before his father and left a will dated 1570, the year of his death. He married first, Ann; issue; second, Joan, "sister of Robert Holton." 14 William Cary born 1550 in England, Bristol died March 01, 1631/32 in Bristol, England. +Elizabeth Alice Goodale died 1623 in Bristol, England William Cary 1550-1663, the Elder, Draper. Was Mayor of Bristol in 1611. Married Alice Goodall. 3 October 1550, baptized at Bristol England as recorded at St. Nicholas Parrish. 15 John Cary I baptized April 10, 1583 in England died 1661 in Bristol, England +Elizabeth Hereford John Cary was a draper of Bristol. He married first, in 1609, Elizabeth Hereford. Second, Alice Hobson, daughter of Henry Hobson, Innkeeper and sometime mayor of Bristol. It is evident that, with others of his family, he suffered severely in estate during the Civil Wars, when Bristol was alternately in possession of Round Heads, Cavaliers, and Roundheads again; both parties preying on the resident merchants.

16 John Cary II born 1610 in Bristol, Somersetshire, England, of Hackney died November 02, 1681 in Bridgewater Colony of Massachusetts +Elizabeth Godfrey born in Massachusetts died November 01, 1680 in Bridgewater Colony of Massachusetts Father: Francis Godfrey Mother: Elizabeth 1.) JOHN CARY MASSACHUSETTS (c1610-1669) John CARY was born near Bristol, Somersetshire, England, about 1610; came to America about 1634, joined the Plymouth Colony, and made his home at Duxbury, where he had a farm. In 1644 he married Elizabeth, daughter of Francis and Elizabeth GODFREY (who was a carpenter and bridge builder, and in August, 1643, we find his name on the muster roll of the Duxbury Company commanded by Capt. Myles STANDISH; he removed to Bridgewater where he died in 1669; it is thought that the name GODFREY comes from the Duke of Bouillon, the Crusader). Concerning John CARY, Moses CARY has this: "Mr. Cary was one of the Proprietors (of Bridgewater), and one of the first settlers, and was very useful among them. The town was incorporated in 1656. Mr. CARY was the first Town Clerk and continued in that office a great number of years. At first they settled near together and around where the Town House now stands in West Bridgewater. Mr. CARY's lot was about a 1/4 of a mile east of the Town House and on the farm where Dr. REED lived; and there he spent the remainder of his days, and brought up a great family of children. He had six sons and six daughters. They all lived to grow up and have families and all took to good courses so that it was the saying of some "that there were 12 of 'em and never a Judas among them.' " Judge MITCHELL, in his description of Bridgewater, speaking of the first settlers, says; "Mr. CARY was among the most respectable of them, and his family one of the most influential in the town" Elizabeth GODFREY CARY died in 1680 and John CARY died in 1681. From JOHN CARY the Plymouth Pilgrim by Seth C. Cary, Boston, MA 1911 "John, Bridgewater, said to have come from neighbor of Bristol, Eng. at the age of 25, and set down first, 1637, at Duxbury, then hav. gr. of ld. married June 1644, Elizabeth daughter of Francis Godfrey, had John, born 1645; Francis, 1647; Eliz. 1649; and at Braintree, James, 1652; at Bridgewater, Mary, 1654; Jonathan, 1656; David, 1658; Hannah, 1661; Joseph 1663; Rebecca, 1665; Sarah, 1667; and Mehitable, 1670. He was first town clk. and early his name was written, Carew; but as the Eng. pronounce that name Cary, spell. soon foll. sound. Of his death 2 November 1681 is the date in report, against wh. suspicion of course aris. that for this the identity of James Cary and John Cary has been confound. Eliz. married William Brett the sec. and Rebecca married 1685, Samuel Allen the third. " 2.) Town Officers of Bridgewater, Incorporated June 3, 1656, Indian name NUNKETEST. 1656 Constable John Carey 1673-74-75-766-77-78-79 Selectman John Carey 1656-1681 Town Clerk, John Carey Bridgewater Grand Juryman 1672 and 1677 3.) John Cary was born near Bristol, Somersetshire, England in 1610 (Some say 1608). He was one of a family of eight sons and two daughters. When a youth he was sent by his father to France to be educated, and while there his father died.

On returning home he differed with his brothers about the settlement of the estate. He compromised by receiving one hundred pounds as his portion, and immediately sailed for America. This was in 1634. 4.) He first joined the Plymouth Colony. In 1649 he, with others, purchased of Ousamequin, afterwards known as Massasoit, chief of the Pockanocket Indians, a tract of land about fourteen miles square, embracing what is now the Bridgewaters. This tract was known as Satucket. The deed was made out to Miles Standish and two others, as trustees in behalf of John Cary and fifty-three others. The original is preserved by the old Bridgewater Historical Society, West Bridgewater, Mass. 5.) The land was paid for with: 7 coats - a yard and a half in a coat. 9 hatchets 8 hoes 20 knives 4 Moose skins 10 yards and a half of cotton 6.) The deed is signed by Miles Standish, Samuel Nash, and Constant Southwork.

7.) The part of the land that John Cary settled was a tract one mile wide by seven miles long. This tract embraced what is now the city of Brockton. 8.) The town of Bridgewater was incorporated in 1656. That year John was chosen constable, the first and only officer elected at that time. The office of constable was second only to that of governor. The constable was the only officer in the town whose duty it was to execute the laws, and his power was almost absolute. He could even arrest on suspicion "without precept," a power scarcely allowed at the present day to the chief magistrate of a nation or state. There were no sheriffs in those days. 9.) John was elected town clerk the next year, 1657, and held office till he died in 1681, a period of twenty-four years. 10.) He was prominent among his fellows, was intelligent, well educated and public spirited. He taught the first class in Latin in the colony.

11.) The original 16 settlers lived in what is now West Bridgewater. Their lots of 6 acres each all abutted on Town River, or as called by the Indians, Nuncketest River. John Cary had two of these lots. The boundary was as follows: on the west was South Street, the old road leading from New Bedford to Boston and laid out in 1668; on the north was Ash Street, and on the other two sides were the river and the cemetery. On this land are two houses, one, the older, built in 1799 on the spot where stood the dwelling of John Cary, the old well being still in use, and the cellar practically the same as then.

12.) The grave of John Cary cannot be located. There is a John Cary Monument erected on his homestead in West Bridgewater, Massachusetts. 1905 It reads: Near this spot was the home of JOHN CARY born in Somersetshire, England. He became in 1651 an original proprietor, And honored settler on this River. Was clerk of the Plantation When the town of Bridgewater was Incorporated, in 1656. He was elected Constable,. The first and only officer of that year. Was town clerk until his death in 1681. Tradition says, He was the first teacher of latin in Plymouth colony. This tablet erected by his descendants in memory Of their historic and noble ancestor.

In 1785, one Moses Cary wrote about John Cary, the founder of the family that came to Duxbury about 1634, and says "When he landed it gave him a dreadfull shock, for was brought up delicately and left a delightful country, and here he found himself not only in a strange land, but in a frightful wilderness and destitute of any of the comforts of life.--saw no way to get a living but to go to work, though he was not brought up to any kind of labor. He was so full of trouble that he shed tears bountifully, which so moved the captain of the vessel that he offered to carry him back again, but he said, "No, I will never go back." Extracts from Cary Family of England published 1906 by Rev. Seth Cooley Cary For information regarding the descendants of John Carey following his arrival in the United States of America in 1634 see:
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